Mold industry is an important area of ??high-tech industries in recent years, the rapid development of China's mold industry, tooling industry dependent on imports from past industrial to an independent subsidiary of a new industry.
The center is currently the world's mold production transfer to China, China has become the mold production and consumption power, new investment in the mold business, investment in processing equipment to account for 80%.digital thermometer According to statistics, total sales in China in 2010 reached 112 billion yuan die about 14% over the previous year, while the country's mold equipment market has exceeded 40 billion yuan,clinical thermometer and each year about 20% growth rate. This shows that China's mold industry in the post-crisis period obtained good recovery growth, the growth rate and re-scaled to two digits.
Although the current total production of the mold has been ranked in the world, die many enterprises, ear thermometer according to China's industrial census data in 2008, a total mold manufacturing enterprises (plants, points) of about 30,000, employing nearly 100 people, including mold manufacturing Main income of the industry total of 500 million yuan more than 2,800 enterprises, employing more than 40 million people. However, the level of mold design and manufacturing in general, than in Germany, the United States and other countries lagging behind, specific performance: low-tech mold has an oversupply, and in high-tech, high-grade die far can not meet the needs of national economic development, such as sophisticated, complex stamping die and plastic mold, car cover mold, digital blood pressure monitor electronic connectors and other electronic products, such as high-grade die mold is still a large part to rely on imports. Mould Industry Association and Shanghai Vice-President and Secretary General Mr. Liu Depu in its "status of China's mold industry and development" in an article also pointed out that China's nine reasons behind the mold.
First, the total demand, lack of high-grade die;
Second, organizational structure, product mix, technological structure and import and export structure is not reasonable;
Third, the mold is lower than the international level, the production cycle is higher than the international level;
Fourth, poor ability to develop, poor economic returns;
Fifth, the policy of state support for the mold industry has yet to be strengthened;
Sixth, a serious shortage of qualified personnel, research and development and technology research too little investment;
Seven is the technology and equipment level is not high, and the supporting of the poor, low utilization;
Eighth, specialization, standardization and commercialization of low level, collaboration is poor;
Ninth, mold materials and mold-related technological backwardness.
Face the problems and shortcomings, the international plastics industry, metal molds and Deputy Secretary-General Wang Jinling Suppliers Association that China's enterprises should die together, division of labor, sharing of resources to achieve a leap in technology. She said that if the enterprise division of labor, the implementation of industry self-regulation and the establishment of fair competition, the price system, rather than another rock bottom price, cutthroat competition, one can concentrate on solving problems in the field, both improve efficiency, reduce product development effort can be . If an enterprise to share R & D results, it will reduce the huge investment, and development speed will be improved.
China mold manufacturing as an industry is not a very early start, but after 20 years of rapid development, are now beginning to take shape, and the emergence of a number of competitive mold manufacturing enterprises, the information shows that the Pearl River Delta in Guangdong Delta Region has become China's mold industry is most developed region with the highest technology content. Experts predict that as the global center of gravity to speed up the processing industry to transfer to China, the region could become the world within 10 years, mold production centers. But not deny that for the whole of China mold manufacturing industry, should take full advantage of the rapid rise of China's mold industry the opportunity to achieve integration through the provision of related services, resources, the purpose of supporting each other. Would then be possible to mold industry out of the current disadvantage.
Industry to develop, mold should first. Deputy Secretary-General of China Mould Industry Association, said Ke Qin, mold is an extremely important industrial production base and essential processes of special equipment. Set the mold precision manufacturing processes, computer technology, intelligent control and green manufacturing as a whole is, therefore, high-tech vehicle, but also a high-tech products. As mass production of parts with the mold has high production efficiency, high uniformity, low power supplies, as well as high precision and complexity, it has been more and more national attention to the industrial production sector.
Most molds are single for the production of a specific user, so the mold business enterprises compared with the general industrial products, quantity, size small, mostly SMEs. Die high technological content of products, the activation of labor than the major, high value-added, production cycle is longer, so the mold will have a technology-intensive manufacturing industry and capital-intensive, balanced production and business management is difficult, for a particular user has a special dependency , value-added tax load, business, and slow capital accumulation and long payback period. As the mold product variety, size is very poor, requirements vary, so the mold for enterprise development, "Small but excellent, small and specialized, small and special"; industry for the production and cluster development cluster to create a strong collaboration support system. This is one of important characteristics of the mold industry. Ke Qin said in the past rely mainly on mold production and processing bench, or bench at the core of the extensive mode of production management workshops, and now gradually to rely on technology to design the center of the intensive replaced by modern production management mode ; mold of traditional concept of the mold is being replaced by the concept of high-tech products, such as smart mold.
"Fifteen" since the national policy of support and guidance, mold into a larger, enterprise level of equipment and strength has greatly improved, considerable progress production technology, CAD / CAM technology has been popular; hot runner technology and multi Position Progressive stamping technology get better promotion; CAE, CAPP, PLM, ERP and other digital technology has some enterprises began to use, and received good results; high-speed machining, concurrent engineering, reverse engineering, virtual manufacturing, production and no map standardized production has been implemented in a number of key enterprises.
Technological progress to promote the level of mold has been greatly improved in recent years, more obvious to the high-end development trend. Some mold products have reached the world advanced level, which has a representative, such as a single set of dies to 120 tons weight of the giant mold, the processing accuracy of 0.3 ~ 0.5μm of ultra-precision molds, the service life of 3 million to 400 million times long-life die, with 2500 times / minute high-speed punch supporting high-speed precision stamping dies, multi-material, multi-functional complex multi-die forming process, to achieve intelligent control of complex molds and so on.
However, mold production and demand situation, the middle and low mold has an oversupply, and to large, sophisticated, complex, long-life die as the main representative of the high-tech mold self-sufficiency rate is still low, only about 60%, a large part still relies on imports. Total sales in the current mold plastic mold accounted for the largest, accounting for about 45%; stamping die 37%; casting mold 9%; other types of mold a total of about 9%.
Ke Qin told reporters in 2010 that the operating characteristics of the mold industry sector restructuring over the past 5 years, has achieved success, from the association to understand the situation, it is clear that large, sophisticated, efficient, high-performance mold as the main representative the proportion of high-grade die continue to rise, product level much improvement. In 2010, the 13th International Die and Mould Technology and Equipment Exhibition, and was "fine mode Award" of the mold 181, of which 55 first prize, second prize of 64, not only a greater number than before the increase and the level has improved greatly, to meet international standards are more and more significant innovation, the patent increase. Average unit price of imports and exports mold continued to narrow the gap is also reflected in the overall level of China's mold industry and the scientific and technological progress to improve the situation.